Botânica I - Biologia - Sem Ramos - Especialidades

ECTS / Credit Units
Year: 2 / 1º Semestre
Plan: 2015/16
Scientific Area: BIO
Level: Intermédio

Semestral Hour Load

Theorical: 30.00
Pratical and Laboratorial: 30.00
Fieldwork: 8.00


Assigned Internship Hours:
Assigned Projects Hours:
Assigned Fieldwork Hours:
Assigned Study Hours:
Assigned Evaluation Hours:

Degree having this Course

Degree - Branch Degree Plan Year
Biologia (regime pós-laboral) - Sem Ramos - Especialidades 2011/12
Biologia - Sem Ramos - Especialidades 2015/16

Teaching Staff

Maria Zita Ferreira
Maria Zita Ferreira

Ensino prático e laboratorial
Trabalho de campo
Miguel Pinto da Silva Menezes de Sequeira
Miguel Pinto da Silva Menezes de Sequeira

Responsável pelas Pautas
Ensino teórico

Course Information

Course Objectivs

? To gain an understanding of the main groups of lichens, bryophytes and pteridophytes.
? To gain the skills necessary to taxonomically recognize and correctly describe the structures of lichens, bryophytes and pteridophytes.
? To be able to discuss the evolution of different groups of plants, relating their morphology and life cycles with the evolution over geological time.
? To acquire the tools needed to identify and correct preserve specimens.

At the end of this unit students should be able to:
? correctly describe the structure of the groups of plants studied.
? Identify and distinguish the different groups of plants studied.
? interpret the structure of the plant according to their phylogenetic position and ecology.
? Interpret correctly the evolution of life cycles.
? Use dichotomous keys and identify and preserve specimens of the groups of plants studied.

Evaluation Criteria

The adopted strategy articulates the theoretical classes (expositive) with practical classes and field work. In practical classes, the theoretical knowledge is applied to study specimens of lichens, mosses and ferns. This material is handled (dissected), observed (using binocular microscopes and microscopes) and drawn. In the field classes collection techniques are trained and in situ diversity observed. In laboratory classes theoretical knowledge is applied, and preparation and observation techniques are trained (including the use of chemical tests to identify lichens).
Students are assessed as follows:
- 2 written exams covering theoretical topics and concepts (25% + 25% final grade); (minimum classification 8.5 over 20)
- 1 practical exam including the preparation, observation, description (including drawings) and identification of specimens (25% final grade); (minimum classification 8.5 over 20)
- herbarium of 40 specimens (25% final grade) including laboratory and field notebook. (minimum classification 10 over 20)

Program Resume (get program detail)

1 History of Botany. 
2 Evolution of classification systems. 
4 Lichens. 
4.1. Classification and morphology. 
4.2. Physiology, reproduction and diversity. 
4.3. Ecology and economic uses. 
5. Mosses - Bryophyta. 
5.1. Lifecycles 
5.2. Phylogeny and systematic: Anthoceropsida, Marchantiopsida and Bryopsida 
6 Ferns - Pteridophyta
6.1. Morphology of vascular plants, plant ecology and evolution, biological cycles. 
6.2. Taxonomy
6.2.1. Psilophytopsida
6.2.2. Psilotopsida
6.2.3. Lycopodiopsida
6.2.4. Equisetopsidae
6.2.5. Filicopsida

Main Bibliography

FONT-QUER, P. Diccionario de Botanica. Ed. Labor. Barcelona.
HEDENÄS L. 1992. Flora of Madeiran Pleurocarpous Mosses. Bryophytorum Bibliotheca. Bd 44. J. Cramer. Berlin.
JAHNS, H. 1982. Guía de campo de los helechos,musgos y líquens de Europa. Barcelona.
Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum ed. Facs. 1st edition. BMNH, London.
LORENTE, V., SÁNCHEZ, M. 2000. Guía de líquenes epífitos. Ministerio de Medio Ambiente.
MALCOLM, B., MALCOLM, N. Mosses and Other Bryophytes : An Illustrated Glossary.
PRESS, J. R. & SHORT, M. J. 1994. Flora of Madeira. NHM. London.
Stafleu, F. A. 1971. Linnaeus and the linnaeans.
STEARN, W. 1957. Linnaeus Sexual System of Classification. In Linnaeus Species Plantarum ed. Facs. 1st edition. London.
STEWART, W.N. & ROTHWELL, G.W. 1993. Paleobotany and the Evolution of Plants. 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press.
STRASBURGER et al. 1997. Tratado de Botânica. 33ª Ed. Barcelona.

Other Biographical Sources / Support Documents

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