Botânica II - Biologia - Sem Ramos - Especialidades

ECTS / Credit Units
Year: 2 / 2º Semestre
Plan: 2015/16
Scientific Area: BIO
Level: Intermédio

Semestral Hour Load

Theorical: 32.00
Pratical and Laboratorial: 28.00
Fieldwork: 8.00


Assigned Internship Hours:
Assigned Projects Hours:
Assigned Fieldwork Hours:
Assigned Study Hours:
Assigned Evaluation Hours:

Degree having this Course

Degree - Branch Degree Plan Year
Biologia - Sem Ramos - Especialidades 2015/16

Teaching Staff

Aida Maria Correia de Nóbrega Pupo Correia
Aida Maria Correia de Nóbrega Pupo Correia

Ensino prático e laboratorial
Trabalho de campo
Miguel Pinto da Silva Menezes de Sequeira
Miguel Pinto da Silva Menezes de Sequeira

Responsável pelas Pautas
Ensino teórico

Course Information

Course Objectivs

? To gain an understanding of the main groups of seed plants.
? To gain the skills necessary to taxonomically recognize and correctly describe the structures of seed plants.
? To be able to discuss the evolution of different groups of seed plants, relating their morphology and life cycles with the evolution over geological time.
? To acquire the tools needed to identify and correct preserve specimens.

At the end of this unit students should be able to:
? Correctly describe the structure of the groups of plants studied.
? Identify and distinguish the different groups of plants studied.
? interpret the structure of the plant according to their phylogenetic position and ecology.
? Interpret correctly the evolution of life cycles.
? Use dichotomous keys and identify and preserve specimens of the groups of seed plants studied.

Evaluation Criteria

The adopted strategy articulates the theoretical classes (expositive) with practical classes and field work. In practical classes, the theoretical knowledge is applied to study specimens of seed plants. This material is handled (dissected), observed and drawn, and preparation and observation techniques are trained. During field classes collection techniques are trained and in situ diversity observed. Some field classes are held at the Botanical Garden of Madeira, allowing the access to a complementary and higher diversity mainly of unusual taxonomic groups of vascular plants.
Students are assessed as follows:
- 1 written exam covering theoretical topics and concepts (50% final grade);
- 1 practical exam including the preparation, observation, description (including drawings) and identification of specimens (20% final grade); 
- Herbarium of 100 specimens (30% final grade), including laboratory and field notebook.

Program Resume (get program detail)

1 History of Botany.
2 Evolution of classification systems.
3 Morphology of seed plants (root, stem, leaf, flower, inflorescence, fruit and seed), compared morphology, ecology and evolution. Analysis of biological cycles.
4 Taxonomy and characterization of Spermatophyta. Phylogenetic origin. Progimnosperms.
4.1. Coniferophytina: Ginkgoopsida, Pinopsida [Cordaitidae, Pinidae: Voltziales and Pinales (Araucariaceae, Pinaceae, Taxodiaceae, Cupressaceae, and Podocarpaceae Cephalotaxaceae); Taxidae (Taxaceae)].
4.2. Cycadophytina (Lyginopteridopsida, Cycadopsida, Bennettitopsida, Gnetopsida)
4.3. Magnoliophytina: characterization and phylogenetic position. Examples, economic importance, diversity, representativeness and endemicity in Madeira and Portugal, in subclasses: Magnoliidae, Ranunculidae, Caryophyllidae, Hamamelididae, Dilleniidae, Rosidae, Cornidae, Asteridae, Lamiidae, Liliidae, Commelinidae, Arecidae, Alismatidae, Triurididae and Aridae.

Main Bibliography

FONT-QUER, P. Diccionario de Botanica. Ed. Labor. Barcelona.
GIFFORD, E., Foster, A. 1989. Morphology and Evolution of Vascular Plants. W.H. Free.& C., New York.
HEYWOOD, V. 1993. Flowering plants of the World. Oxford Univ. Press.
Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum ed. Facsimile of the first edition.BMNH, London.
MENEZES DE SEQUEIRA, M. 1997. A Flor. Morfologia, Biologia e Evolução. Vila Real.
PRESS, J. R. & SHORT, M. J. 1994. Flora of Madeira. NHM. London.
Stafleu, F. A. 1971. Linnaeus and the linnaeans.
STEARN, W. T. 1957. Linnaeus Sexual System of Classification. In Linnaeus Sp. Plant. ed. Facsimile of the 1st ed. London.
STEWART, W. & ROTHWELL, G. 1993. Paleobotany and the Evolution of Plants. 2nd Ed. Cambridge Univ. Press.
STRASBURGER, 1997. Tratado de Botânica. 33ª Ed. Barcelona.
Takhtajan, A. 1996. Diversity and Classification of Flowering Plants. Columbia Univ. Press. New York.
WEBERLING, F. 1989. Morphology of flowers and inflorescences. Cambridge Univ. Press .

Other Biographical Sources / Support Documents

Student Support

 sextas das 14h30m ás 15h30m (M. Sequeira)

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