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Desenvolvimento Motor - Educação Física e Desporto - Sem Ramos - Especialidades


7.0
ECTS / Credit Units
Year: 2 / 1º Semestre
Plan: 2015/16
Scientific Area: DEP
Level: Básico

Semestral Hour Load

Theorical: 20.00
Theorical-Pratical: 40.00
Pratical and Laboratorial: 20.00
Fieldwork:
Seminar:
Internship:
Tutorial:

 

Assigned Internship Hours:
Assigned Projects Hours:
Assigned Fieldwork Hours:
Assigned Study Hours:
Assigned Evaluation Hours:
Others:

Degree having this Course

Degree - Branch Degree Plan Year
Educação Física e Desporto - Sem Ramos - Especialidades 2015/16

Teaching Staff

António Manuel Marques Antunes
António Manuel Marques Antunes


Responsibilities:
Ensino teórico-prático
Ensino prático e laboratorial
Duarte Luís de Freitas
Duarte Luís de Freitas


Responsibilities:
Regência
Responsável pelas Pautas
Ensino teórico
Ensino teórico-prático

Course Information

Course Objectivs

The central aim of the course is to provide the students with theoretical, practical and laboratorial competences that allow them to describe and explain the observable change in motor behaviour throughout the childhood and adolescence. At the end of the semester, the student should be able to:

  • To dominate the concepts of human physical growth, biological maturation, physical fitness and physical activity;

  • To use the various protocols and/or tools in the assessment of human physical growth, somatotype, body composition, physical fitness and physical activity;

  • To build and interpret morphological and functional profiles;

  • To know the advantages and limitations of each method, technique and/or instrument in the measurement/assessment of human physical growth, somatotype, body composition, physical fitness and physical activity;

  • To identify and describe the theoretical perspectives used in the study of Motor Development;

  • To characterize in temporal and conceptual terms the age periods across the lifespan;

  • To discuss and identify the research tools used in Kinanthropometry and Motor Development;

  • To describe the morphological and functional changes occurring in the prenatal period;

  • To analyse the postnatal growth curves (distance and velocity) for the various human physical growth indicators;

  • To interpret the human biological variation from centile curves and parameters of the growth spurt in height;

  • To describe the methods/techniques used in the assessment of skeletal, sexual, somatic and dental maturity;

  • To know the advantages and limitations associated with each method/technique in the assessment of biological maturation;

  • To specify the interrelationships among skeletal, sexual, somatic and dental maturity;

  • To discuss the reflexes and spontaneous movements regarding to its definition, relevance and developmental characteristics;

  • To identify and describe the key characteristics of motor skills;

  • To compare the composite/component approaches used in the description of the pattern of movement;

  • To interpret the variation, irregularity and omissions in the developmental sequences;

  • To explain, in light of maturational and dynamic systems theories, the transition from the reflexive/spontaneous movement to the voluntary movement;

  • To outline the developmental milestones leading to independent walking;

  • To identify and provide a description of the key characteristics of development of fundamental motor skills;

  • To identify age and sex differences in the development of fundamental motor skills;

  • To analyse the strength and motor performance from childhood to adolescence, according to age and sex;

  • To describe growth spurts in strength and performance;

  • To discuss the ?awkwardness period? during adolescent growth spurt in boys.

Evaluation Criteria

Evaluation process

Students

The level of knowledge of the students is assessed through two written exams and one report of the laboratory activities. The 1st written test covers the following items of the program: historical perspective; assessment of body size, physique (somatotype), body composition, physical fitness and physical activity. The 2nd written test covers the following items: introduction to Motor Development, biological maturation, and Motor Development and performance.

The written tests include true / false and multiple-choice questions. A wrong answer in each of these questions discounts 50% of a write one. In case of approval in the theoretical or practical component of the discipline, the component in which the student obtained approval is only valid for the current school year, that is, if the student disapproves one component, he/she has to submit to the whole discipline in the next school year.

The final score is achieved by assigning a weighting of 75% to the written tests and 25% to the individual report of laboratory activities. The final score in the course is obtained by assigning a weighting of 75% to the written tests (15 marks) and 25% (5 marks) to the individual report of laboratory activities. The minimum score on the theoretical (1st and 2nd tests) and practice components is 9.5 marks. Students must have a minimum of two thirds (75%) of attendance in lectures and all (100%) the lab sessions.

The evaluation process includes two periods: (1) the principal and mandatory ? carried out during the academic year and (2) the complementary ? resource activities and score improvement. The evaluation criteria are parallel to the regulation existing in the University of Madeira.

The class attendance is strongly recommended and linked to success. A bonus of 10% of the final grade may be assigned to the student according to the following factors: (1) timeliness, (2) class participation, (3) evidence of readings and preparation, (4) sharing ideas with the Professor and colleagues, (5) critical evaluation of suggested readings.

Individual report of laboratory activities

An individual report of laboratory activities is required to each student. The report is quoted on a scale of 0 to 20 marks, distributed as follows:

-        Introduction (2 marks)

-        Completion of record sheets, questionnaires and calculations (2 marks).

-        Analysis of morpho-functional profile (1.5 marks)

-        Analysis of morphologic profile (1.5 marks)

-        Analysis of functional profile (1.5 marks)

-        Analysis of somatotype and body composition profiles (2 marks)

-        Analysis and interpretation of the physical activity scores (1.5 marks)

-        Summary and comments about the applied activities (1.5 marks)

-        Grammar, syntax, sentences structure and formatting text [American Psychological Association (APA) style] (1.5 marks).

 

Assessment of anthropometric data collection

Students are submitted to an assessment of the application of protocols. The rating is quoted with 5 marks, i.e., 25% of the laboratory activities.

Program Resume (get program detail)

Main Bibliography

Freitas, D.; Maia, J., Beunen, G., Lefevre, J., Claessens, A., Marques, A., Rodrigues, A., Silva, C., Crespo, M. (2002): Crescimento somático, maturação biológica, aptidão física, actividade física e estatuto sócio-económico de crianças e adolescentes madeirenses ? o Estudo de Crescimento da Madeira. Edição da Universidade da Madeira. Funchal.

Gabbard, C. (2004) Lifelong Motor Development, 4th Edition. San Francisco: Benjamin Cummings.

Haywood, K., N. Getchell (2005) Life Span Motor Development, 4th Edition. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Haywood, K., N. Getchell (2005b) Life Span Motor Development ?CD-ROM, 4th Edition. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Maia, J., Fernandes, F., Freitas, D. (Eds.) (2013). Crescer com Saúde na Região Autónoma da Madeira. Edição da Universidade da Madeira e Universidade do Porto. Funchal.

Malina, R., Bouchard, C., Bar-Or, O. (2004) Growth, Maturation, and Physical Activity. Human Kinetics Books. Second Edition, Champaign, Illinois.

Other Biographical Sources / Support Documents

AAHPER (1958). Youth Fitness Test Manual. American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation. Washington: NEA Publications.

AAHPER (1965). Youth Fitness Test Manual. VA: American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation.

AAHPER (1976). Youth Fitness Test Manual. Reston, VA: American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation.

AAHPERD (1980). Health Related Physical Fitness Test Manual.Reston, VA: American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance.

AAHPERD (1988). The AAHPERD Physical Best Program. Reston, VA: American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance.

Adam , C., Klissouras V, Ravassolo M, Renson R, Tuxworth W, Kemper H, Van Mechelen W, Hlobil H, Beunen G, Levarlet-Joye H, Van Lierde A. (1988). Eurofit. Handbook for the Eurofit Test of Physical Fitness. Rome: Council of Europe. Committee for the Development of Sport.

Beunen G, Borms J (1990). Kinanthropometry: roots, developments and future. Journal of Sports Science, 8:1-15.

Beunen, G., R. Malina, M. Van?t Hof, J. Simons, M. Ostyn, R. Renson, D. Van Gerven (1988) Adolescent Growth and Motor Performance. A Longitudinal Study of Belgian Boys. HKP Sport Science Monograph Series. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Branta, C., J. Haubenstricker, V. Seefeldt (1984) Age changes in motor skills during childhood and adolescence. Exercise and Sports Sciences Reviews, 12:467-520.

Bronfenbrenner, U. (2000) Ecological theory. In: Encyclopedia of Psychology, A. Kazdin (Ed.). New York: American Psychological Association and OxfordUniversity Press.

Claessens AL, Vanden Eynde B, Renson R, van Gerven R (1990). The description of tests and measurements. In: Simons J, Beunen G, Renson R, Claessens A, Vanreusel B, Lefevre J (Eds). Sport Science Monograph Series. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, Inc.

Clark, J. (1994) Motor development. In: Encyclopedia of Human Behavior, Ramachandran (Ed.), Vol. 3, New York: Academic Press, p. 245-255.

Clark, J. (1995) On becoming skillful: Patterns and constraints. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 66:173-183.

Clark, J., J. Whitall (1989) What is motor development? The lessons of history. Quest. 41:183-202.

Clark, J., S. Phillips (1985) A developmental sequence of the standing broad jump. In: Motor Development, Current Selected Research , J. Clark e J. Humphrey (Eds). Princeton: Princeton Book Co. Vol. 1.

Eveleth, P., Tanner, J. (1990): Worldwide Variation in Human Growth. 2nd edn. CambridgeUniversity Press. Great Britain, Cambridge.

Fleishman, E. (1964): The Structure and Measurement of Physical Fitness. Prentice-Hall, Inc. Englewood Cliffs.

Fragoso, I. e F. Vieira (2000): Morfologia e Crescimento. Curso Prático. Edições FMH. Ciências da Motricidade. Lisboa.

Freitas, D., Maia, J., Marques, A. (1997): Aptidão física da população escolar da Região Autónoma da Madeira - estudo em crianças e jovens dos 11 aos 15 anos de idade. Universidade da Madeira. Funchal.

Gallahue. D., J. Ozmun (2002) Understanding Motor Development: Infants, Children, Adolescents, adults, 5th Edition. Boston: McGraw-Hill.

Gibson, E. (1988) Exploratory behavior in the development of perceiving, acting and the acquiring of knowledge. Annual Review of Psychology, 39:1-41.

Haubensticker, J., V. Seefeldt (1986) Acquisition of motor skills during childhood. In: Physical Activity and Well-Being, V. Seefeldt (Ed.). Reston, VA: American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and dance, p. 41-102.

LaMonte M, Ainsworth B, Reis J (2006). Measuring physical Activity. In: Measurement Theory and Practice in Kinesiology, Wood T, Zhu W (Eds). Human Kinetics Books. Champaign, Illinois.

Marques, A., P. Gomes, J. Oliveira, A. Costa, A. Graça, J. Maia (1992) Aptidão física. In: Desporto Escolar ? FACDEX, Desenvolvimento Somato-Motor e Factores de Excelência Desportiva na População Portuguesa. F. Sobral, A. Marques (Eds). Volume 2. Relatório Parcelar Área do Grande Porto. Ministério da Educação. Gabinete Coordenador do Desporto Escolar. Lisboa. P. 21-44.

Montoye H, Kemper H, Saris W, Washburn R. (1996). Measuring physical activity and energy expenditure. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, Inc.

Nelson, J., J. Thomas, K. Nelson, P. Abraham (1986) Gender differences in children?s throwing performance: Biology and environment. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 57:280-287.

Neto, C. (2004) Desenvolvimento da motricidade e as ?culturas de infância?. In: Educação Física ? Intervenção e Conhecimento Científico, W. Moreira, R. Simões (Eds). Piracicaba: UNIMEP, p. 35-50.

Norton K, Olds T (1996). Anthropometrica. A textbook of body measurement for sports and health courses. Sydney: University of New South Wales Press.

Ostyn, M., J. Simons, G. Beunen, R. Renson, D. Van Gerven (1980) Somatic and Motor Development of Belgian Secondary Schoolboys: Norms and Standards. Leuven: LeuvenUniversity Press.

Payne, V., L, Isaacs (2005) Human Motor Development: A Lifespan Approach, 6th Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Rarick, G. (1989) Motor development: a commentary. In: Future Directions in Exercise and Sport Science Research, J. Skinner, B. Corbin, D. Landers, P. Martin, C. Wells (Eds).Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, p. 383-391.

Roche A, Heymsfield S, Lohman T (Eds) (1996). Human Body Composition. Human Kinetics Books. Champaign, Illinois.

Roche, A., S. Sun (2003) Human growth: Assessment and interpretation.Cambridge, England: CambridgeUniversity Press.

Safrit, M. (1990). Introduction to Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science. 2nd edn. Times Mirror/Mosby College Publishing. St. Louis, Missouri.

Sardinha L. (1996). Avaliação da composição corporal. In: Actividade Física e Medicina Moderna, Barata T e colaboradores (Eds). Europress, Odivelas.

Silva CA, Maia JA, Freitas DL, Beunen GP, Lefevre JA, Claessens AL, Marques AT, Rodrigues AL, Thomis MA, Garganta RM, Lopes VP, Seabra AF (2004). Corpo, maturação biológica e actividade física. Um olhar interactivo em crianças e jovens madeirenses. Funchal: Esculápio, Prestação de Serviços e Formação Lda.

Simons, J., Beunen, G., Renson, R., Claessens, A., Vanreusel, B. Lefevre, J. (1990): Growth and Fitness of Flemish Girls - The Leuven Growth Study. HKP Sport Science monograph Series. Vol. 3. Human Kinetics Books. Champaign, Illinois.

Tanner, J. (1981): A history of the study of human growth.CambridgeUniversity press. Cambridge.

Tanner, J. (1962) Growth at Adolescence. With a general consideration of the effects of hereditary and environmental factors upon growth and maturation from birth to maturity. Second Edition. Great Britain: Blackwell Scientific Publications Ltd.

Tanner, J. (1990) Foetus into Man ? Physical Growth from Conception to Maturity (Revised and Enlarged Edition). Cambridge: HarvardUniversity Press.

Tanner, J., M. Healy, H. Goldstein, N. Cameron (2001) Assessment of Skeletal Maturity and Prediction of Adult Height (TW3 Method). 3rd Edition. Saunders.

Thelen, E. (2000) Motor development as foundation and future of developmental psychology. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 24:4:385-397.

Welk G (2002). Physical Activity Assessments for Health-Related Research. Human Kinetics Books. Champaign, Illinois.

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