Subject: Quantitative Methods

Scientific Area:



64 Hours

Number of ECTS:




Overall objectives:

1 - Upon completion of the course, students will have basic knowledge of statistical concepts and techniques of description and analysis of univariate, bivariate and time-series data and should be able to - Analyse, describe and represent series of data, using appropriate statistical techniques, using computer programs such as EXCEL and / or SPSS;
2 - Interpret the results of a data analysis and draw conclusions from them;
3 - Present and communicate statistical analysis results.


1 - Introduction(Fundamental concepts; Data types and variables; Statistical method steps).
2 - Data collection(Sampling, Databases in Excel/SPSS).
3 - Univariate data analysis(Summary measures;Data presentation in tables and graphs; Analysis of univariate data in Excel/SPSS)
4 - Analysis of bivariate data (Contingency and association; Correlation and simple linear regression; Analysis of bivariate data in Excel/SPSS).
5 - Chronological Series(Trend modelling (regression and moving averages); Exponential smoothing; Series modelling in Excel/SPSS).


G. Davis, B. Pecar , 2010 , Business statistics using excel , Oxford University Press
G. A. Morgan, N. L. Leech, G. W. Gloeckner, K. C. Barrett , 2011 , IBM SPSS for introductory statistics: use and interpretation , Routledge
D. Pestana., S. Velosa , 2010 , Introdução à Probabilidade e à Estatística , Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian
J. K. Shim , 2000 , Strategic Business Forecasting: The Complete Guide to Forecasting Real World Company Performance , Revised Edition, CRC Press
M. F. Triola, L. A. Franklin , 1995 , Business statistics , Addison-Wesley

Assesssment methods and criteria:

Classification Type: Quantitativa (0-20)

Evaluation Methodology:
This curricular unit has a theoretical component and a theoretical-practical component. The theoretical component aims to present the basic concepts, techniques and fundamental results of the discipline, duly exemplified. In the theoretical-practical component, students will be guided in the application of the knowledge and techniques acquired in the theoretical component, using the EXCEL and / or SPSS programs, in the resolution of exercises. The evaluation will consider two exams, which have equal weight in the final evaluation. Any of the exams can be retrieved at supplementary/special season.