Subject: Introduction to Electronics

Scientific Area:

Scientific, Cultural, Social and Ethical Formation

80 Hours

Number of ECTS:

7,5 ECTS

Language:

Portuguese

# Overall objectives:

1 - Identify and understand the functioning of the constituent components and devices of electrical and electronic circuits.
2 - Know how to apply the fundamental Laws of electricity.
3 - Know and understand some simple circuits built with a microcontroller.
4 - Analyze direct current and alternating current circuits.
5 - Know and understand the more common circuits that use diodes.
6 - Know and understand the more common circuits that use transistors (junction and field effect).
7 - Know and understand the more common circuits that use operational amplifiers.
8 - Use of adequate equipment and techniques for practical work.
9 - Use of (software) simulation tools.

# Syllabus:

1 - Introduction: System of units; Notion of current; Conduction in solids, liquids and gases.
2 - Electrical quantities: Current, Resistance; Voltage; Circuit diagrams.
3 - Laws of electric circuits: Ohm's, Kirchhoff's Law of meshes, Kirchhoff's Law of knots; Equivalent resistance; Superposition Principle; Voltage and current dividers; Sources of energy;
4 - DC analysis: Analysis methods; Analysis with controlled sources; Thévenin's and Norton's Theorems; Measurements in DC.
5 - Microcontrollers: Arduino platform; Inputs and Outputs (digital and analog); Basic circuits.
6 - AC analysis: Steinmetz transform; Capacitors and Inductors; Impedance; Powers in AC; Transformers; Measurements in AC.
7 - Energy production and transportation.
8 - Diodes: Real and Ideal diodes; Rectifying and Limiting circuits; Other types of diodes.
9 - Bipolar Junction Transistors: Modes of operation; Functioning as an amplifier or switch; Amplifiers with a single BJT.
10 - Field Effect Transistors: Modes of operation; Functioning as an amplifier or switch; Amplifiers with a single FET.
11 - Operational Amplifiers: Functioning as comparators or as amplifiers; Inverting and non inverting configurations; Other applications.

# Literature/Sources:

Adel S. Sedra, Kenneth C. Smith , 2004 , Microelectronic Circuits , Oxford University Press
José Manuel Baptista , "Slides de Introdução à Eletrónica" ,
Vítor Meireles , Circuitos Eletrónicos , Lidel Edições Técnicas

# Assesssment methods and criteria:

Classification Type: Quantitativa (0-20)

Evaluation Methodology:
Teaching methodologies: - Lectures; - Problem solving; - Laboratory assignments including simulations; Evaluation: - Oral presentations and reports for the laboratory assignments (40%); - 2 Tests (30%+30%) - Exams for appeal and special season.