Subject: Classical Language A1.1 Latin

Scientific Area:



64 Hours

Number of ECTS:




Overall objectives:

1 - To recognize continuity patterns between Latin and Western cultures;
2 - To be able to identify the influence of the Latin language in the Portuguese language;
3 - To know the basic grammatical structures of the Latin language;
4 - To know how to apply appropriate methods of linguistic and morphosyntactic analysis that allow the understanding and the translation of texts.


1 - Historical synopsis of the Latin language: Latin in our daily lives; Latin in the context of Indo-European languages; periodization of the Latin language.
2 - Morphosyntactic analysis of a collection of texts (aphorisms and sententiae, graffiti from Pompeii; epitaphs).
3 - The phonological system; the restored pronunciation; accentuation.
4 - Basics of verbal morphology: the verbal categories; the infinitive; the indicative.
5 - Basics of nominal morphology: nouns in ?a theme; in -o / -e theme; in consonant and in ?i theme.
6 - Basics of pronominal morphology: the demonstrative pronouns; the interrogative pronoun.
7 - Syntax: the primary syntactic functions; the value of the cases; tenses, moods and verbal voices; circumstantial supplements; the clause.
8 - Lexicology and semantics: Latin lexicon structure; phonetic evolution and semantics from Latin to Portuguese.
9 - Social habits and customs of the Romans: private life.


M. A. ALMENDRA, J. N. FIGUEIREDO , 1997 , Compêndio de Gramática Latina , Porto Editora
P. BOUET, D. CONSO & F. KERLOUEGAN , 1975 , Initiation au Système de la Langue Latine , Nathan
A. ERNOUT , 1954 , Aspects du Vocabulaire Latin , Klincksieck
A. FREIRE , 1992 , Gramática Latina , Livraria Apostolado da Imprensa
P. G. W. GLARE , 1997 , Oxford Latin Dictionary , Clarendon Press
F. GAFFIOT , 1995 , Dictionnaire Latin - Français , Librairie Hachette
M. de GIVE , 1992 , Grammaire Latine , Dessain
T. LEWIS & Ch. SHORT , 1996 , A Latin Dictionary , Clarendon Press
P. MONTEIL , 1986 , Éléments de Phonétique et de Morphologie du Latin , Nathan
L. R. PALMER , 1961 , The Latin Language , Faber & Faber
A. ERNOUT , 1989 , Morphologie Historique du Latin , Klincksieck
C. A. LOURO DA FONSECA , 2000 , Sic Itur in Vrbem - Iniciação ao Latim , Instituto de Estudos Clássicos

Assesssment methods and criteria:

Classification Type: Quantitativa (0-20)

Evaluation Methodology:
The teaching of this course assumes the expositive method in theory classes, complemented in theoretical and practical classes by students' work. At first, the theoretical contents are exposed and briefly commented, using support materials. Subsequently, this exhibition is complemented by practical exercises aiming at consolidating the knowledge of the subjects learned (for instance, in morphology and syntax of the Latin Language). In order to develop a whole range of skills (in areas such as morphology, syntax, semantics, etc.), students are led to recapitulate and dynamically relate the theoretical contents with each other through the practice of reading, analysis and translation of Latin texts. The assessment of the students' learning process, in Classical Language Latin A1.1, regarding the acquisition of knowledge and the development of skills, in what concerns both theoretical and practical components, is performed by: two written tests (45%+45%) and a research paper (10%).