Subject: Classical Language A2.2 Latin

Scientific Area:



64 Hours

Number of ECTS:




Overall objectives:

1 - To consolidate the knowledge of Latin Language and Culture, as matricial elements, in order to recognize continuity patterns between the Latin and the Western cultures;
2 - To recognize, through the study of the basic grammatical structures of the Latin language, the influence of this last one in the Portuguese language;
3 - To develop communication skills, both oral and written, in the Latin and Portuguese languages;
4 - To understand the Latin language, in its phonological, morphological, syntactic and lexical components, in order to allow the contact with a medium difficulty text written in this language.


1 - Morphosyntactic analysis of a collection of selected Latin texts (Phaedrus, Cicero, Pliny-the-Younger; Martial, etc.).
2 - Verbal morphology: the subjunctive; the periphrastic conjugations; irregular verbs.
3 - Nominal morphology: consolidation of knowledge.
4 - Pronominal morphology: consolidation of knowledge.
5 - Syntax: the ablative absolute; the periphrastic conjugations; the subordinate clause: complement clauses (indirect conjunctive and interrogative); Circumstantial (concessive, conditional, comparative, consecutive).
6 - Lexicology and semantics (knowledge consolidation): Latin lexicon structure (derivation and composition, word families); phonetic and semantic evolution from Latin to Portuguese.
7 - The main authors and works in Latin literature.


BOUET, P. CONSO, D. e KERLOUEGAN, F , Initiation au Système de la Langue Latine , Nathan
ERNOUT, A , Morphologie Historique du Latin, Paris, Klincksieck ,
M. A. ALMENDRA, J. N. FIGUEIREDO , 1997 , Compêndio de Gramática Latina , Porto Editora
A. ERNOUT , 1954 , Aspects du Vocabulaire Latin , Klincksieck
C. A. LOURO da FONSECA , 2000 , Sic Itur in Vrbem: Iniciação ao Latim , Instituto de Estudos Clássicos
A. FREIRE , 1992 , Gramática Latina , Livraria Apostolado da Imprensa
P. G. W. GLARE , 1997 , Oxford Latin Dictionary , Clarendon Press
F. GAFFIOT , 1995 , Dictionnaire Latin - Français , Librairie Hachette
M. de GIVE , 1992 , Grammaire Latine , Dessain
T. LEWIS & Ch. SHORT , 1996 , A Latin Dictionary , Clarendon Press
P. MONTEIL , 1986 , Éléments de Phonétique et de Morphologie du Latin , Nathan
L. R. PALMER , 1961 , The Latin Language , Faber & Faber

Assesssment methods and criteria:

Classification Type: Quantitativa (0-20)

Evaluation Methodology:
The teaching of this course assumes, in theory classes, the expositive method, complemented, in theoretical and practical classes by the work of the students. At first, the theoretical contents are exposed and briefly commented, using support materials. Subsequently, this exhibition is complemented by practical exercises aiming at consolidating the knowledge of the subjects learned (for instance, in morphology and syntax of the Latin Language). In order to develop a whole range of skills (in areas such as morphology, syntax, semantics, etc.), students are led to recapitulate and dynamically relate the theoretical contents with each other through the practice of reading, analysis and translation of Latin texts. The assessment of the students' learning process, in Latin Language A2.2, regarding the acquisition of knowledge and the development of skills, in what concerns both theoretical and practical components, is performed by: two written tests (45%+45%) and a research paper (10%).

Subject Leader:

Telmo Corujo dos Reis