Subject: Literature and Culture: Intermedia Studies

Scientific Area:

Literature and Culture


64 Hours

Number of ECTS:

7,5 ECTS



Overall objectives:

1 - General: 1 Analyze non-digital materialities of literature in the field of literary and cultural studies of the 20th and 21st centuries; 2 To know and analyze cases of electronic and graphic materiality of writing.
2 - Specific:1 Understand the concept of remediation and the process of convergence in the contemporanity; 2 To deepen knowledge regarding the concepts of hypertext and hypermedia; 3 Describe and question the concept of intermediality.


1 - The divers ity of materialities in contemporary culture and literature.
2 - The concepts of hypertext and hypermedia: history and state of art i n contemporary times (Vannevar Bush and Theodor Nelson at the present time);
2.1 - "Hypertextual text" vs.. "Textual hypertext" (Eco, 2003).
2.2 - The concepts of 'remediation' (Bolter and Grusin, 2000) and convergence (Landow, 2006);
2.3 - New connections between the eye and the screen (Hayles, 2002).
3 - The materiality of the literary artefact, printed and digital (Hayles, 2002);
3.1 - The literary machine (Calvin, 1984; Derrida, 2001);
3.2 - Hypertext as technology (Wardrip-Fruin and Monfort, 2003);
3.3 - Linearity, visuality and kinetics: the computer as a projection machine (Theodor Nelson, 1974; Bolter, 1991).
4 - Case study: the Digital Archive of PO.EX (; the LdoD Archive: Collaborative Digital Archive o f the Book of Disquiet (, Projeto Estranhar Pessoa (, among others.


Bolter, Jay David e Grusin, Richard , 2000 , Remediation: Understanding New Media, Cambridge, Massachusetts, MIT Press [1ª ed. 1999]. ,
Bolter, Jay David , 2001 , Writing Space Computers, Hipertext and the Remediation of Print, 2ª edição, Mahwah, New Jersey ? Londres, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers 1ª edição: 1991, Writing Space ? The Computer, Hipertext, and the History of ,
Bolter, Jay David e Gromala, Diane , 2003 , Windows and Mirrors Interaction Design, Digital Art, and the Mith of Transparency, Cambridge, Massachusetts ? Londres, Inglaterra. ,
Delany, Paul e Landow, George P. , 1991 , Hypertext, Hypermedia and Literary Studies: The State of the Art?, in Delany, Paul e Landow, George P., eds. (1991) Hypermedia and Literary Studies, Cambridge, Massachusetts e Londres, Inglaterra, The MIT Pre ,
Drucker, Johanna e McGann, Jerome , 2001 , ?Images as the Text: Pictographs and Pictographic Logic?, disponível na www: . ,
Eco, Umberto , 2003 , Vegetal and mineral memory: The future of books, in Al-Ahram Weekly, Issue No. 665, 20-26 November 2003; disponível na www: ; [consultado a 30/11/2007]. ,
Hayles, Katherine , 2002 , Writing machines, Cambridge e Lonfres. MIT Press. ,
Kahn, Paul , 1991 , Linking Together Books: Experiments in Adapting Published Material into Intermédia Documents?, in Delany, Paul e Landow, George P., eds. (1991) Hypermedia and Literary Studies, Cambridge, Massachusetts e Londres, Inglaterra, The M ,
Landow, George P. , 1999 , Hypertext as Collage-Writing, in Lunenfeld, Peter (ed.) The Digital Dialectic New Essays on New Media, Cambridge, Massachusetts e Londres, Inglaterra, The MIT Press, pp. 150-170. ,
Montfort, Nick, e Wardrip-Fruin, Noah, eds. , 2003 , The New Media Reader, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Londres ? Inglaterra, The MIT Press. ,
Ellestrõm Lars , 2010 , LinkMedia borders, multimodality and intermediality / ed. Lars Elleström, LinkNew York, LinkPalgrave Macmillan ,
Aarseth, Espen , 2006 , The Hypertext Revolution, in Pombo, Olga, Alexandre, António Franco e Guerreiro, António (eds.), , Edições Duarte Reis
Nelson, Theodor , 1974 , Computer Lib / Dream Machines , edição de autor
Nelson, Theodor Holm , 1993 , Literary Machines 93.1 , Sausalito, Mindful Press
Portela, Manuel , 2003 , Hipertexto como Metalivro , Ciberscópio (projecto online)

Assesssment methods and criteria:

Classification Type: Quantitativa (0-20)

Evaluation Methodology:
Critical reading and analysis of theoretical and theoretical-pra ctical bibliography; analysis of the corpus, textual and digital; reflection, in the context of the classroom, from the concepts studied, in articulation with the reading and analysis of the corpus studied in the subject. General evaluation parameters: preparation of two essays from the reading and analysis of the reference bibliography; to know how to write two research papers (short and long paper, with respectively 3 and 10 extension A4 pages (excluding bibliography and annexes), typewritten 1.5 spaces, letter 12, Times New Roman, with a respective weight of 50% and 50% of the final grade in the seminar.