Subject: Fundamentals of Chemistry

Scientific Area:



60 Hours

Number of ECTS:




Overall objectives:

1 - The curricular unit aims to provide chemistry fundamental bases necessary for biology, and to develop the capacity of understanding and application of the syllabus theoretical concepts.
2 - It is intended therefore be acquired and consolidated essential knowledge in chemistry for biology, and capabilities for solving problems of chemical nature in biology. As well as to analyse and interpret data.


1 - Introduction: Review basics. Main types of chemical reactions. Behavior of gases. Thermochemistry.
2 - Atomic and molecular structure: Quantum theory and electronic structure of atoms. Electronic configuration of atoms and periodicity. Chemical bond and molecular structure.
3 - Intermolecular forces and state of matter: Types of intermolecular interactions. The liquid state and their properties. The solid state and their properties. Balance between phases. Solutions and their properties.
4 - Chemical balance: General concepts, acid-base equilibrium, solubility equilibrium and redox balance.
5 - Chemical kinetics: Chemical reaction rate, kinetic equations, collision theory, reaction mechanisms, catalysis.
6 - Organic Compounds: Structural features. Saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons. Functional groups. Isomerism.


Andrew Burrows, John Holman, Andrew Parsons, Gwen Pilling, Gareth Price , 2013 , Chemistry 3, 2nd ed. , Oxford University Press
Raymond Chang, Jason Overby , 2019 , Chemistry, 13th. ed. , McGraw-Hill
Raymond Chang, Kenneth A. Goldsby , 2013 , Química, 11ª ed. , McGraw-Hill
D. Reger, S. Good, E. Mercer , 2010 , Química: Princípios e Aplicações, 2ª Ed. , Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian

Assesssment methods and criteria:

Classification Type: Quantitativa (0-20)

Evaluation Methodology:
Teaching methodologies: Lectures: expository, examples of chemistry in biology, solving of some example exercises of the syllabus. Theoretical-practical classes: Resolution of exercises of application of the syllabus. Evaluation: Two tests (each: 50% of final grade). In the recourse can be recovered a test, or full recourse examination. 9.5/20.0 on each test and on the recourse test.