Subject: Practical Studies III - Gymnastics

Scientific Area:

Sport Sciences


48 Hours

Number of ECTS:




Overall objectives:

0 - The central aim of the course is to provide the students with theoretical, practical and laboratorial competences that allow them to understand, describe, explain and teach the basic and intermediate contents of the gymnastics. At the end of the semester, students should be able to:
1 - Identify the different disciplines and demonstrate an understanding of the history, institutions, regulations, rules, general faults and penalties, and current research
2 - Explore and apply biomechanical principles to increase sports performance
3 - Perform the gymnastic elements, identify the errors and present appropriate strategies to their correction
4 - Provide appropriate feedback to colleagues on the technical execution of the various gymnastic elements
5 - Perform manual guidance and know the practical implications of security rules
6 - Recognize in warm-up and physical preparation the central items for a safe gymnastic participation
7 - Demonstrate an understanding and practical ability to teach


1 - Trampoline (description - Trampoline, Double Mini-Trampoline and Tumbling; technical norms, competition and code of points; vertical jumps; positions; twists; somersaults; routines)
2 - Men and Women?s Artistic Gymnastics (floor exercises; pommel horse; rings; vault; parallel bars; horizontal bar; uneven bars; balance beam)
3 - Acrobatic (description; school aims; grips; definition of the function; against equilibria; mounts; dismounts; static/dynamic elements - individual, pairs, trios, four and groups)
4 - Common aspects (history, evolution of the apparatus and technique; national and international organization of disciplines; fundamental positions; learning factors; safety rules; teacher?s work and intervention forms; familiarization; analysis of the elements: technical and biomechanical description; errors; learning elements, motor actions - strength and flexibility, manual guidance, and variants/links)


Araújo, C. , 2013 , Ginástica. Manual de ajudas , Porto Editora, LDA
Moreira, J., Araújo, C. , 2004 , Manual técnico e pedagógico de trampolins , Porto Editora, LDA
Arkaev, I., Suchilin, N. , 2004 , How to create champions. The theory and methodology of training top-class gymnasts , Meyer & Meyer Sport
Gallardo, J., Azevedo, L. , 2007 , Fundamentos básicos da ginástica acrobática competitiva , Autores Associados
Kelly, J. , 2014 , Over and above: Trampoline gymnastics: Towards world-class performance , Meyer & Meyer Sport

Assesssment methods and criteria:

Classification Type: Quantitativa (0-20)

Evaluation Methodology:
1. Theoretical, theoretical-practical and laboratory (gymnasium) teaching; 2. Slides, video-images and practical exemplification are used to better clarify the theoretical items; 3. The regular presence of the students in the classes and an active participation in the form of individual/small groups discussion are stimulated; 4. Readings and preparation of the specific items of the syllabus are strongly suggested before the class; 5. The level of knowledge of the students is evaluated through one written test (50%) and two practical tests, one of Trampolines (25%) and the other of Men/Women?s Artistic Gymnastics (25%); 6. A bonus of 10% can be awarded by the student according to the following factors: punctuality, participation in the class, evidence of readings and preparation, sharing of ideas with the Professor and colleagues, critical evaluation of the suggested readings and extra training.